Whats Post Secondary Education

Pathways from Prison to Postsecondary Education Project

Funded by five leading philanthropies—the Ford Foundation, the Sunshine Lady Foundation, the Open Society Foundations, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation—the Pathways Project builds on the substantial body of empirical evidence showing that increased educational attainment is a critical factor in keeping people out of prison and helping people who were incarcerated become contributing members of families and communities.

The project encourages participating states to create a continuum of education and reentry support services that begins in prison and continues in the community after release until the student has achieved a degree or professional certification. It is unique not only for its emphasis on coordination between pre- and post-release programming, but for the partnerships that participating states are required to form with and between state and local officials, corrections and parole agencies, schools of higher education, employers, and community-based service providers.

Goals of the Initiative

  • Increase postsecondary education attainment among the incarcerated and formerly incarcerated population;
  • Increase employability and earnings among formerly incarcerated people as a means of disrupting the cycle of inter-generational poverty
  • Reduce recidivism and improve the quality of life in neighborhoods disproportionately affected by crime and incarceration
  • Demonstrate that there are cost-effective methods for providing access to postsecondary education and support services for currently and formerly incarcerated individuals.

States Selected to Participate

  • Michigan
  • New Jersey
  • North Carolina

Key Features

  • In-prison and post-release postsecondary education provided by accredited local colleges
  • Vocational, developmental, GED, and college readiness courses and academic support services
  • Targets individuals within two years of release through two years post-release
  • Postsecondary education degree or credential attainment is a primary focus
  • Alignment of courses, degrees and certification programs with local labor market trends
  • Transfer of college credits from prison to colleges in the community
  • Links to local employers
  • Parole supervision practices that support pursuit of postsecondary educational opportunities
  • Expanded use of technology solutions for in-prison academic services
  • Mentoring, tutoring, and reentry support services
  • Comprehensive and coordinated in-prison and community-based case planning
  • Vera provides technical assistance and sub-grant funding to the states as well as fosters a learning community among states
  • Third-party evaluation focuses on implementation (replicability and scale), outcomes (attainment of GEDs, postsecondary degrees, employment), and impact (recidivism)

Why offer higher education in prison?

People who are involved in the criminal justice system are severely undereducated compared to the general population. Among federal and state inmates, about 37 percent do not have a high school diploma or a GED compared to 19 percent of the general population. Seventy-eight percent of the prison population lack postsecondary education compared to 49 percent of the general population.1 An extensive body of literature suggests that education is key to improving many of the long term outcomes for this vulnerable population, their families, and the communities in which they live. While approximately 44 percent of the individuals released from prison are re-incarcerated within three years, either for committing a new crime or violating the conditions of their release, 2 researchers find strong inverse correlations between recidivism and education. Offenders with higher education levels are less likely to be re-arrested or re-incarcerated. Studies suggest that graduating from college programs can decrease recidivism by approximately 72 percent.3

The benefits of education extend beyond an impact upon public safety. First, increasing education attainment could increase both employability and earnings. Data from the US Census Bureau show that the difference in median earnings between people with a high school diploma and those with an associate’s degree was $8, 261. The difference jumped to $22, 884 when researchers included those who had completed a bachelor’s degree.4 Researchers project that this disparity in earnings is likely to increase further in coming years, as will employers’ demand for college credentials. It is estimated that by 2018, nearly two thirds of all job postings will require applicants to have some level of postsecondary education.5 Second, increasing the education attainment of parents could impact the education achievement of their children.6 Researchers find that education levels of parents are a strong predictor of the educational achievements of their children. Finally, because many ex-offenders tend to be concentrated in poor and minority neighborhoods, increasing their education attainments and employability could also positively impact the communities they return to after their release from prison. Studies find that postsecondary education has a significant impact on both the frequency and the quality of civic engagement and participation (e.g., voting and volunteering).7 Increased earnings would also greatly benefit the quality of life in those communities through local spending and improvements to housing.

1 Elizabeth Greenberg, Eric Dunleavy, and Mark Kutner, Literacy Behind Bars: Results From the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey (NCES 2007-473) (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2007).

where product key windows 8 why design is important startup who is mara where technology is used entrepreneur who are successful whose science whose knowledge how much product to use in curly hair how much starting gold dnd 5e why project management skills are important why startup need funding where to get workers comp insurance which entrepreneur are you quiz why startup is important how often is continuously which technology uses a tunneling protocol where does energy come from science on start up synonym what tech jobs are in demand what technology was made in 2020 how much managers check bdo who roadmap ventilation where london is situated how much manager salary when london bridge is falling down doctor who equipment how many products does apple have how often to service well how many system of a down albums are there where's the london eye how much tech trash for c4 where system earthing is employed how to device unlock why tech stocks are falling today how much system boiler how many london stabbings 2021 how much products use palm oil who science is it which tech stocks to buy now how many engineering jobs are there how to teach when how science and religion work together when manufacturing overhead is overapplied where to find workers where's my device what products are made from oil where is primitive technology from what workers comp pays for how much science diet to feed cat which device is a general purpose computing device where to equip titles in blox fruits who manufactures astrazeneca vaccine whom would from where were new workers recruited what startup companies to invest in how system call works in linux whose product is dr pepper how equipment works pulse oximeter how to go from store manager to district manager which development was a consequence of the quiz show scandal is it road map or roadmap which startup disk to choose where to set up an llc which solution to the equation 1 x 1 x 2 2x 2 2 is extraneous why engineering management how much london to paris train whom should product owner report how many startups make it why technology is important in education how much project pat worth when project tiger was launched roadmap when can you meet indoors how often company pay dividend how teaching helps you learn how often co wash who project kenyatta university where to find system properties in windows 10 who teaching staff how many workers in the us who studies science why project fail when technology fails meme how much tech deck how many equipment are used in rhythmic gymnastics where to download project sekai where to watch project runway how often answers survey why solution is a homogeneous mixture who to hire first startup how often teach this where to watch business proposal kdrama where entrepreneur came from how many tech companies are in the bay area where can i buy a roadmap where to design wedding invitations which design pattern to use what london airport to fly into where engineers are paid highest how to explain a teacher how often is technology used how often is continuously which solution is a homogeneous mixture what development happens in the third trimester why management skills are important why design systems how manager communicate with employee which management function is associated with advocacy how much london bus what teaching has taught me where to manage amazon credit card how manufacture cement how much solution for hoover carpet cleaner where to watch project runway who set up a business what technology can mennonites use who technology transfer guidelines how development is measured why manufacturing in china where is chelsea manager from
You might also like:
The Transformation of Post-Secondary Education - Part 1
The Transformation of Post-Secondary Education - Part 1
C.A.P.S.E. Rally for Post-Secondary Education - University
C.A.P.S.E. Rally for Post-Secondary Education - University ...
The State of Post-Secondary Education in Manitoba - Dr
The State of Post-Secondary Education in Manitoba - Dr ...
Alberta Post Secondary Education Cuts
Alberta Post Secondary Education Cuts
Related Posts